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English Russian translator based in Ukraine offers English Russian translation, English Ukrainian translation, Russian English translation and Ukrainian English translation. I translate English to Russian for 1 cent per word. I also translate Russian to English at the same unbeatable price. This Russian translation service is mostly for men seeking a wife in Russia or Ukraine. Russian English translator makes English to Russian translation and English to Ukrainian translation within 24 hours (mostly 12 hours). English Russian translator provides fast Russian translation service and information about this cyrillic language: popular Russian words and phrases, Russian fonts and more... Russian language translator living in Ukraine also gives detailed Ukraine info.

 
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Last Update
April 4, 2005
 

Hetman Bohdan Khmelnitsky

One revolt headed by Hetman Bohdan Khmelnitsky, led to a revolutionary war of independence. Bohdan Khmelnitsky was a poor nobleman and Cossack officer, who suffered from the injustice of the Polish government. Bohdan was a clever and educated person who studied in Kyiv, Yaroslav and Lviv. He was also a brave warrior and took part in many battles with the Turks. In one of those battles he was taken prisoner and had to spend two years in captivity. There he learnt the Turkish and Tatar languages, which later helped him a lot. After he returned to his native land, Bohdan took part in several Cossacks' revolts, which angered the authorities of Chigirin region, where Khmelnitsky owned a little village. Very often Bohdan, with the hundred of cossacks who were under his command, was sent to fight with Turkish raiders. During one of his absences, his village was ruined and his youngest son was killed by the Polish soldiers. When Bohdan turned to the Polish King Volodyslav IV, asking him to punish those who had done the evil, the King refused to help, and Bohdan Khmelnitsky decided to take revenge for his own son and also for the people who suffered so much under the Polish landlords.

The Treaty of Zboriv

Bohdan Khmelnitsky went to Zaporizhska Sich and gathered all the Cossacks into one strong army. He was elected Hetman, and in the spring of 1648 led his army against the Polish shlyakhta and landlords. His army won victory after victory, liberated more and more Ukrainian lands and by the next spring was very close to the capital of Poland, Warsaw. But at that time a new king of Poland was elected, and Bohdan Khmelnitsky hoped that the new monarch would punish the offenders of the Ukrainian people. His dream unfortunately did not come true, and in the spring of 1649 the Polish army moved back into Ukraine's territory. Bohdan Khmelnitsky with his Cossacks met them under the town of Zboriv, and under the threat of taking the King prisoner, made him sign the Treaty of Zboriv, under which Ukraine beyond the river Sluch became an independent state, and Bohdan Khmelnitsky, its Hetman. Khmelnitsky made Chigirin its capital, and very soon the independence of Ukraine was recognized by most European states.

The Pereyasliv Agreement

The Polish King and the shlyakhta did not want to lose the rich lands and cheap serfs of Ukraine and in 1651 another war began. In the battle at Berestestechky, the Tatar allies betrayed Khmelnitsky, and his army was defeated. Then Hetman decided to look for support in Moscow. In 1654 in Pereyasliv he made an agreement with Muskovy, under which Ukraine partially kept its independence, its self-government and could elect its Hetman. Muskovy entered the war against Poland, but very soon Khmelnitsky be­came disappointed with his new allies, and before his sudden death in 1657 he even thought about new coalitions with Sweden, Transylvania, Moldova and other countries.

 
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Ukrainian History
Kiev Rus period
Halych-Volyn Rus
Cossacks
Hetman Khmelnitsky
Independent Ukraine
National symbols
Ukrainian Flag
Coat of Arms - Trident (Tryzub)
Ukrainian Anthem
 
 
 
 
 

Summary of this page: English Russian translator offers English Russian translation, English Ukrainian translation, Russian English translation and Ukrainian English translation. I translate English to Russian for $0.01 per word. I also translate Russian to English at the same price. Not free Russian translation but very close. Russian translation service is mostly for men seeking a wife in Russia or Ukraine. Russian English translater makes English to Russian translation and English to Ukranian translation within 24 hours (mostly 12 hours). English Russian translater provides fast Russian translation service. Russian language translater in Ukraine.


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